Aiming for Higher Safety in Construction Projects

Confirming the Need for Building Construction Safety

Researches have written about the importance of and the need to eliminate common safety hazards in building construction and fabrication environments. Reducing construction worker injuries is a critically significant requirement according to the study of Gambatese and Hinze (1998). Before reviewing how to achieve safety and the benefits improved safety caters to construction project stakeholders, it will be vital to affirm the need for safety.

Radziszewska-Zielina and Szewczyk (2014) of Cracow University of Technology have stressed the importance of safety in construction projects and revealed that safety is a key issue that affects all partners of a project. Moreover, machinery and other equipment used in fabrication and engineering should be analysed with regard to construction safety.

How Safety Helps all Construction Project Partners

It is common knowledge that safety is required in constructing buildings but not many are aware that every single stakeholder is affected by safety issues. The comprehensive research of Radziszewska-Zielina and Szewczyk (2014) proves this fact as it states that safety is a major concern for all building construction project partners, including contractors, suppliers, top management, and workers.

Increasing construction project safety directly leads to a reduction in project costs (Gambatese and Hinze, 1998). Consequently, in a financial sense, focussing on safety issues is advantageous as lower number of injuries, legal cases, and time waste occurs.

Building Construction Safety Documents

The valuable published materials of Gambatese and Hinze (1998) have given prominence to safety documentation, including safety manuals and checklists. Although these construction, engineering, and fabrication safety documentation have not been a heavily discussed concern, utilising these documents are highly beneficial for all stakeholders of any building construction project. Gambatese and Hinze (1998) state that construction safety manuals are created to act as a guidance for safety practices and conditions on building construction sites. In addition, safety documents are used to direct and regulate construction site safety.

According to Gambatese and Hinze (1998), construction safety documentation primarily includes the following:

  1. Worker safety manuals
  2. Safety checklists
  3. Safety design manuals
  4. Government or regulatory safety documents

How to Achieve Higher Safety in Construction Projects

The contents above show that it is vehemently essential to achieve higher safety conditions in building construction projects and sites. Accordingly, this section dives in to proposals and suggestions that will enable achieving higher safety by analysing related research studies. First and foremost, a critical review of a construction site’s hazards as well as the applicable safety measures to reduce or eliminate these hazards is recommended.

A primary solution highlighted by Radziszewska-Zielina and Szewczyk (2014) is effective communication and cooperation between the general contractor and the suppliers of a construction project. In addition, sharing useful information related to quality as well as safety is beneficial according to Radziszewska-Zielina and Szewczyk (2014). This can be achieved through the above-mentioned effective communication and cooperation between project stakeholders.

The key solution proposed by Gambatese and Hinze (1998) is to identify and implement best practices from the designing phase of a building construction or engineering project to the finalisation phase. Their study reveals the key segments that should be considered for improving safety in building construction, engineering, fabrication, and management.

  1. Structural and architectural design
  2. Piping and plumbing
  3. Mechanical and HVAC
  4. Electrical
  5. Transportation-related issues

Best Safety Practices of TNR Fab

The Upper Management and the Engineers at TNR Fabrication Engineering established this company after taking in to account all safety factors with regard to all partners of building fabrication and construction projects. Safety plans and solutions are infused from the planning and design stage to completion, all building construction, prefabrication and engineering projects undertaken by TNR Fab. One of the major considerations of the Management, Engineers, Architects, Quantity Surveyors, Labourers, and other involved members at TNR Fab is to ensure the highest possible safety at all times.

Any building fabrication project, whether it is in the busy urbanised areas or rural destinations of Sri Lanka, are carried out at the highest-level safety conditions. This applies to all the cities and districts that TNR Fab carries out building fabrication and engineering projects, including the cities of Anuradhapura, Colombo, Dehiwala, Gampaha, Ja-Ela, Kalutara, Kandy, Kegalle, Kelaniya, Kurunegala, Moratuwa, Negombo, Panadura, Piliyandala, Puttalam, Ratnapura, Seeduwa, Wattala, and Wennappuwa.

Primary Safety Factors in Building Construction Projects


  1. Elżbieta Radziszewska-Zielina and Bartłomiej Szewczyk (2014)
  2. J. Gambatese and J. Hinze (1998)